1. Models of Democracy - David Held, Gareth Schott 2006 (electronic resource)

    Book 

  2. Essential and recommended texts 9 items
    1. Introduction to politics - Robert Garner, Peter Ferdinand, Stephanie Lawson 2016

      Book Core This is the key textbook in the 2018/19 academic year

    2. Theory and methods in political science - David Marsh, Gerry Stoker 2010

      Book Recommended This is an excellent textbook for the first part of the module

    3. Comparative politics - Daniele Caramani 2017

      Book Recommended This is probably the best textbook on the second part of the module

    4. Representative government in modern Europe - Gallagher, Michael, Laver, Michael, Mair, Peter c2011

      Book Recommended This is also a very good textbook for the second half of the module

    5.  

       

      There are several excellent textbooks on politics (the key concepts and approaches) and comparative politics (actors and institutions). Here are some that cover several of the topics dealt by this course:

    6. European politics: a comparative introduction - Tim Bale 2017

      Book Recommended

    7. Comparative government and politics: an introduction - Rod Hague, Martin Harrop, John McCormick 2016

      Book Additional

    8. The state: theories and issues - Colin Hay, Michael Lister, David Marsh 2006

      Book Recommended

    9. Politics - Andrew Heywood 2013

      Book Additional This is a simple textbook - which may be helpful to approach difficult topics

  3. Background Readings 5 items
    1. For general background to all the sessions, those of you unfamiliar with Politics, political theory and political history may want to look at one or two of the following:

    2. Globalization/anti-globalization: beyond the great divide - David Held, Anthony G. McGrew 2007

      Book Additional

    3. Political ideologies: an introduction - Andrew Heywood 2012

      Book Additional

    4. Political philosophy: a beginners' guide for students and politicians - Adam Swift 2014

      Book Additional

  4. Term 1. Politics: Concepts and Approaches 103 items
    1. Lecture 1. Introduction: Politics – A Contested Terrain 10 items
      1. Tutorial questions:

        • What are the main conceptions of politics? Is any of them better than the others?
        • Why is the definition of politics so strongly contested?

        • Is a "science of politics" possible?

      2. Required 2 items
        1. Introduction to politics - Robert Garner, Peter Ferdinand, Stephanie Lawson 2016

          Book Core Introduction: The Nature of Politics and Political Analysis, pp. 1-23

        2. Theory and methods in political science - Vivien Lowndes, David Marsh, Gerry Stoker 2018

          Book Core pp. 1-14; 325-342

      3. Supplementary 7 items
        1. In defence of politics - Bernard Crick 2013

          Book Recommended pp. 15-33.

        2. "Politics is about governing" - B Guy Peters

          Chapter Recommended pp. 23-40

        3. Why we hate politics - Colin Hay 2007

          Book Recommended pp. 153-162

        4. Political analysis: a critical introduction - Colin Hay 2002

          Book Recommended Chapter 2, pp. 59-88

        5. Politics - Heywood, Andrew 2013

          Book Recommended Part 1 pp. 1-26

    2. Lecture 2. Power: a Key Concept 10 items
      1. Tutorial questions:

        • Why is power important in politics?
        • What are the three faces of power and which is the most important?
        • Is power inevitable - is power always morally objectionable?
        • Would you agree that "power is knowledge"?

      2. Required 3 items
        1. Introduction to politics - Robert Garner, Peter Ferdinand, Stephanie Lawson 2016

          Book Core Political Power, Authority and the State, pp. 48-67

        2. Power: A Radical View - S. Lukes

          Chapter Core Especially chapter 1

      3. Supplementary 6 items
        1. Two Faces of Power - Peter Bachrach, Morton S. Baratz 12/1962

          Article Recommended American Political Science Review, 56: 947-52

        2. The Concept of Power - Robert A. Dahl 1957

          Article Recommended Behavioral Science, 2: 201-15

        3. Chapter: Power - H. Stenlund, J. E. Lane

          Chapter Recommended

    3. Lecture 3. The State as Political and Constitutional Form 11 items
      1. Tutorial questions:

        • What is sovereignty, what is territory and what is statehood? What is nationhood?
        • What is the nation-state, and how did it come to be the predominant modern form of sovereignty? Is the territorial sovereign (nation) state in retreat?
        • Why is state sovereignty fixed around territories and boundaries? Are there any alternatives to the prevalent form of territorial statehood?

      2. Required 2 items
        1. Introduction to politics - Robert Garner, Peter Ferdinand, Stephanie Lawson 2016

          Book Core Chapter on 'Political Power, Authority and the State', pp. 48-67

        2. Comparative politics - Daniele Caramani 2017

          Book Core 'The State' by Gianfranco Poggi

      3. Supplementary 8 items
        1. The state: theories and issues - Hay, Colin, Lister, Michael, Marsh, David 2006

          Book Recommended (Chapter 1)

        2. Comparative government and politics: an introduction - Rod Hague, Martin Harrop, John McCormick 2016

          Book Recommended pp. 61-82

        3. Models of Democracy - David Held, Gareth Schott 2006 (electronic resource)

          Book Recommended Chapter 3

        4. Models of democracy - Held, David [2007, c2006]

          Book Recommended Chapter 3

        5. Politics - Andrew Heywood 2013

          Book Recommended Chapter 3

        6. The Hollowing Out of the State: The Changing Nature of the Public Service in Britain - R. A. W. Rhodes 04/1994

          Article Recommended Political Quarterly, 65: 138-51

        7. 'The Origins, Development and Possible Decline of the Modern State' - Hendrik Spruyt 06/2002

          Article Recommended Annual Review of Political Science, 5, 127-149.

    4. Lecture 4. Democracy and its Critics 11 items
      1. Tutorial questions:

        • Are democracies inevitably ruled by elites?

        • What is the "iron law of oligarchy"?

        • Are the 'elites' a cohesive group?

      2. Required 2 items
        1. Introduction to politics - Robert Garner, Peter Ferdinand, Stephanie Lawson 2016

          Book Core Chapter on Democracy and Political Obligation, pp. 68-93

        2. Models of democracy - David Held 2007, c2006

          Book Core Chapter 5, pp. 125-57

      3. Supplementary 8 items
        1. Elites and society - T. B. Bottomore 1993

          Book Recommended

        2. The state: theories and issues - Colin Hay, Michael Lister, David Marsh 2006

          Book Recommended Chapter on 'Elitism', pp. 39-59

        3. Chapter 1: The Higher Circles [The Power Elite] - C.W. Mills 2000

          Chapter Recommended Chapter 1, The Higher Circles

        4. The Ruling Class - Gaetano Mosca 2011

          Book Recommended

        5. Sociological writings - Vilfredo Pareto, S. E. Finer 1976

          Book Recommended

        6. The theory of democracy revisited - Giovanni Sartori c1987

          Book Recommended

        7. Capitalism, socialism and democracy - Joseph A. Schumpeter c2010

          Book Recommended

    5. Lecture 5. Political Ideologies 11 items
      1. Tutorial questions:

        • What is the meaning of 'ideology'?

        • To what extent are ideologies still relevant in the 21st century?

        • Could populism be regarded as an ideology?

      2. Required 2 items
        1. Introduction to politics - Robert Garner, Peter Ferdinand, Stephanie Lawson 2016

          Book Core Chapter on Traditional Ideologies, pp. 113-33

        2. Populism in Europe and the Americas: threat or corrective for democracy? - Cas Mudde, Cristóbal Rovira Kaltwasser 2012

          Book Core Introduction and Chapter one 'What is populism'

      3. Supplementary 8 items
        1. The Oxford handbook of political ideologies - Michael Freeden, Lyman Tower Sargent, Marc Stears 2015

          Book Recommended Reference handbook

        2. Introduction to politics - Robert Garner, Peter Ferdinand, Stephanie Lawson 2016

          Book Recommended Garder, R. (2016) Challenges to the Dominant Ideologies

        3. Politics - Andrew Heywood 2013

          Book Recommended Chapter 2: Political Ideas and Ideologies

        4. Political ideologies: an introduction - Andrew Heywood 2017

          Book Recommended

        5. The thin ideology of populism - Ben Stanley 02/2008

          Article Recommended

    6. Lecture 6. Freedom and Justice 13 items
      1. Tutorial questions:

        • What is justice? Does equality mean justice?
        • What is freedom and what are the differences between positive and negative freedom?
        • Can justice exist without freedom?

      2. Required 3 items
        1. Introduction to politics - Robert Garner, Peter Ferdinand, Stephanie Lawson 2016

          Book Core Chapter by Garner on 'Freedom and Justice', pp. 93-112

        2. Issues in political theory - Catriona McKinnon 2015

          Book Core Chapters 2 and 5

        3. An introduction to political philosophy - Jonathan Wolff 2016

          Book Core Chapters 4 and 5

      3. Supplementary 9 items
        1. Political concepts - Richard Bellamy, Andrew Mason 2003

          Book Recommended Chapters 1, 2 and 3

        2. Four essays on liberty - Isaiah Berlin 1969

          Book Recommended Chapter: Two Concepts of Liberty

        3. A measure of freedom - Ian Carter 1999 (electronic resource)

          Book Recommended Especially Part I: Justice and Overall Freedom

        4. Positive and Negative Liberty - I. Carter

          Article Recommended Positive and Negative Liberty in Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

        5. Liberalism and Individual Positive Freedom - John Christman 1991

          Article Recommended Ethics 101 (1991), pp. 343 -59

        6. Negative and Positive Freedom - Gerald C. MacCallum 07/1967

          Article Recommended Philosophical Review, 76 (3): 312-334

        7. The liberty reader - David Miller c2006

          Book Recommended

        8. A Theory of Justice 2009 (electronic resource)

          Book Recommended Chapter 1, 2 and 4

    7. Lecture 7. The International System of States 9 items
      1. Tutorial questions:

        • Does the existence of a multiplicity of states mean that there is a distinct sphere of international politics?
        • Is the international sphere in any way structured?
        • What are the key differences between 'positivist' and 'constructivist' approaches?

      2. Required 2 items
        1. Introduction to politics - Robert Garner, Peter Ferdinand, Stephanie Lawson 2016

          Book Core Chapter by Lawson, S. (2016) Introducing Global Politics, pp. 319-40

      3. Supplementary 6 items
        1. Models of democracy - Held, David [2007, c2006]

          Book Recommended pp. 290-311

        2. Politics - Andrew Heywood 2013

          Book Recommended (Chapter 19), pp. 421-442

        3. Introduction to international relations: theories and approaches - Robert H. Jackson, Georg Sørensen 2013

          Book Additional pp. 32-64

        4. Politics among nations: the struggle for power and peace - Hans J. Morgenthau, Kenneth W. Thompson, W. David Clinton 2005

          Book Recommended Chapter 'A Realist Theory of International Politics', pp. 3 ff.

        5. Territoriality and beyond: problematizing modernity in international relations - John Gerard Ruggie 12/1993

          Article Recommended International Organization, Vol 47, No 1, 139-47

        6. Globalization and Global Politics - A. McGrew

          Chapter Recommended Chapter: 'International History 1900-90' and 'The Globalisation of World Politics'

    8. Lecture 8. Critical Approaches to Global Politics 9 items
      1. Tutorial questions:

         

          • Is the concept of 'hegemony' useful to understand global politics?
          • What is the difference between 'positive and 'normative' theories of politics?
          • To what extent has Marxism been influential in the study of global politics?

      2. Required 2 items
        1. Introduction to politics - Robert Garner, Peter Ferdinand, Stephanie Lawson 2016

          Book Core Lawson, S. (2016) Critical Approaches to Global Politics, pp. 361-79

        2. Gramsci, Hegemony and International Relations : An Essay in Method - Robert W. Cox 06/1983

          Article Core Journal of International Studies. 12:2, 162-75

      3. Recommended 6 items
        1. The revolutionary ideas of Karl Marx - Callinicos, Alex 2010

          Book Recommended Pages 160-202

        2. Why Marx was right - Terry Eagleton c2011

          Book Recommended

        3. Zombie capitalism: global crisis and the relevance of Marx - Chris Harman 2010

          Book Recommended

        4. The state: theories and issues - Colin Hay, Michael Lister, David Marsh 2006

          Book Core Chapter 3 (What's Marxist about) Marxist State Theory?

        5. Critical theory and international relations: a reader - Steven C. Roach c2008

          Book Recommended

    9. Lecture 9. Globalisation and International Political Economy 10 items
      1. Tutorial questions:

        • Is there a separate sphere of international economic transactions? 

        • How does it interact with the international system of states? 

        • Why is the relationship between markets and states so important at the international level?

      2. Required 2 items
        1. Introduction to politics - Robert Garner, Peter Ferdinand, Stephanie Lawson 2016

          Book Core Chapter by Lawson, S. (2016) Global Political Economy, 441-61

        2. International political economy: perspectives on global power and wealth - Jeffry A. Frieden, David A. Lake, J. Lawrence Broz 2017

          Book Core Introduction and Chapter 1

      3. Supplementary 7 items
        1. The globalization of world politics: an introduction to international relations - John Baylis, Steve Smith, Patricia Owens 2017

          Book Recommended Especially chapters 16 and 28

        2. The state: theories and issues - Hay, Colin, Lister, Michael, Marsh, David 2006

          Book Recommended pp. 172-189

        3. Politics - Andrew Heywood 2013

          Book Recommended Chapter 6, pp. 128-150

        4. Global political economy - John Ravenhill 2017

          Book Recommended The Logics of Economic Globalization by Anthony McGrew

        5. Comparative politics - Daniele Caramani 2017

          Book Recommended Chapter by Sorensen 'Globalization and the Nation-state'

        6. European political economy: issues and theories - Leila Simona Talani 2014

          Book Recommended Introduction and Part I

    10. Lecture 10. How is Politics studied? An Introduction to Methods 9 items
      1. Tutorial Questions:

        • What are the main methods used in political analysis?

        • What are the main critiques advanced against case-study research?

        • Are quantitative methods more 'scientific' than qualitative methods?

      2. Required 3 items
        1. Theory and methods in political science - David Marsh, Gerry Stoker 2010

          Book Core 'The Challenge of Research Design' pp. 232-248

        2. Theory and methods in political science - David Marsh, Gerry Stoker 2010

          Book Core 'Quantitative Methods' pp. 267-284

        3. Theory and methods in political science - David Marsh, Gerry Stoker 2010

          Book Core 'Debating Methods: Rediscovering Qualitative Approaches' pp. 249-267

      3. Supplementary 5 items
        1. The Fundamentals of Political Science Research - Paul Kellstedt, Guy Whitten 2013

          Book Recommended (Chapter 1)

  5. Term 2: Comparative Politics 38 items
    1. 11. Comparing political systems 12 items
      1. Tutorial Questions:

         

          • What are the advantages and disadvantages of comparing political systems?
          • Is the comparative method necessarily based on qualitative methodologies?
          • To what extent is comparative politics able to come up with 'law-like generalizations'?

         

      2. Required 3 items
        1. Introduction to comparative politics - Daniele Caramani

          Chapter Core pp. 1-18

        2. Comparative Politics and the Comparative Method - Arend Lijphart 09/1971

          Article Recommended

      3. Recommended 8 items
        1. European politics: a comparative introduction - Tim Bale 2017

          Book Recommended Pages 7-39

        2. Comparative political dynamics: global research perspectives - Dankwart Alexander Rustow, Kenneth Paul Erickson c1991

          Book Recommended Chapter The Comparative Method: Two Decades of Change

        3. The Comparative Method - Collier, David

          Chapter Recommended Political Science: The State of the Discipline II. APSA. Download from SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/Papers.cfm?abstract_id=1540884

        4. Introduction to politics - Robert Garner, Peter Ferdinand, Stephanie Lawson 2016

          Book Recommended Chapter: Ferdinand, P. (2016). ‘Institutions and States’

        5. Comparative government and politics: an introduction - Rod Hague, Martin Harrop, John McCormick 2016

          Book Recommended pp. 43-575

        6. Approaches to comparative politics - B. G. Peters

          Chapter Recommended

    2. 12. Varieties of Democracy 13 items
      1. Tutorial Questions:

        • How can we distinguish between different types of democratic states found in Europe?
        • Discuss the strenghts and weaknesses of majoritarian and concensus democracies.
        • Discuss how different institutional arrangements produce different political outcomes.
        • To what extent does the 'quality' of democracy vary?

      2. Required 3 items
        1. Introduction to politics - Robert Garner, Peter Ferdinand, Stephanie Lawson 2016

          Book Core Chapter 'Democracies, democratisation and authoritarian regimes’

        2. 'The Quality of Democracy: an Overview' - Larry Jay Diamond, Leonardo Morlino 2004

          Article Core

      3. Recommended 9 items
        1. Consociational democracy - Rudy B. Andeweg 06/2000

          Article Recommended

        2. Is Britain Facing a Crisis of Democracy? - Gianfranco Baldini 10/2015

          Article Recommended

        3. On democracy - Robert A. Dahl, Ian Shapiro 2015

          Book Recommended pp. 83-144

        4. Comparative politics - Daniele Caramani 2017

          Book Recommended Perez-Linan, A. (2017) 'Democracies'

        5. Part one: the contemporary Debate

          Chapter Recommended (Chapters 5 and 6), pp. 86-181

    3. 13. Executives & Legislatures 13 items
      1. Tutorial Questions:

         

        • How do parliamentary, presidential, and semi-presidential systems differ from each other in terms of the relationship between the executive and the legislative?

        • What are the main differences between 'arena' and 'working' parliaments, and can you give examples for each?  

        •  Why do some countries in Europe have second/upper chambers whilst some have abolished them?

      2. Required 3 items
        1. Introduction to politics - Robert Garner, Peter Ferdinand, Stephanie Lawson 2016

          Book Core Ferdinand, P. (2016). ‘Executives, Bureacracies, Policy Studies and Governance’

        2. Comparative politics - Daniele Caramani 2017

          Book Core Kreppel, A. (2017) ‘Legislatures’,

      3. Supplementary 9 items
        1. Representative government in modern Europe - Gallagher, Michael, Laver, Michael, Mair, Peter c2011

          Book Recommended pp. 23-84

        2. Comparative politics - Daniele Caramani 2017

          Book Recommended Chapter by Mueller on 'Governments and Bureaucracies',

        3. Developments in Central and East European politics 5 - Stephen White, Judy Batt, Paul G. Lewis 2013

          Book Recommended Chapters by Olson and Tares

        4. Developments in Central and East European politics 5 - Stephen White, Judy Batt, Paul G. Lewis 2013

          Book Recommended Chapter by Taras ‘Executive Leadership’

  6. 14. Voting Behaviour (I): Electoral Systems 16 items
    1.  

      Tutorial Questions:

       

        • What are the main types of electoral system and what are their effects?
        • Is any electoral system fairer than the others?
        • Why is the reform of electoral systems such a contentious issue?

       

      For an overview of the various electoral systems in simple terms, see the Electoral Reform Society website (http://www.electoral-reform.org.uk/voting-systems/) and follow the links at the bottom of the page

       

    2. Required 4 items
      1. Comparative politics - Daniele Caramani 2017

        Book Core Gallagher, M. (2017) 'Elections and Referendums' , 173-187

      2. Electoral engineering: voting rules and political behavior - Pippa Norris 2004

        Book Core Chapters 1. Do rules matter?, 2. Classifying electoral systems, 3. Evaluating electoral systems

    3. Supplementary 11 items
      1. European politics: a comparative introduction - Tim Bale 2017

        Book Recommended pp. 167-198

      2. Developments in Central and East European politics 5 - Stephen White, Judy Batt, Paul G. Lewis 2013

        Book Recommended Birch, S. (2013) ‘Elections and voters’,

      3. The Debate over Electoral Systems - André Blais 07/1991

        Article Recommended

      4. Political parties and democratic linkage: how parties organize democracy - Russell J. Dalton, David M. Farrell, Ian McAllister 2013, c2011

        Book Recommended pp. 142-158

      5. Introduction to politics - Robert Garner, Peter Ferdinand, Stephanie Lawson 2016

        Book Recommended Ferdinand, P. (2016). ‘Votes, Elections, Legislatures and Legislators

      6. Representative government in modern Europe - Michael Gallagher, Michael Laver, Peter Mair c2011

        Book Recommended pp 366-411

      7. Electoral system design: the new international IDEA handbook - Andrew Reynolds, Ben Reilly, Andrew Ellis, International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance 2005

        Book Recommended

  7. 15. Voting behaviour (II): Referendums 19 items
    1. Tutorial Questions:

       

      ·      What types of referendums do we find in Europe?

      ·      Why are referendums used?

      ·      How can we explain voting behaviour in referendums?

    2. Required 3 items
      1. Comparative politics - Daniele Caramani 2017

        Book Core Chapter by Gallagher, M. 'Elections and Referendums'

      2. Popular Support for Direct Democracy - Todd Donovan, Jeffrey A. Karp 09/2006

        Article Core

    3. Supplementary 15 items
      1. The referendum experience in Europe - Michael Gallagher, Pier Vincenzo Uleri 1996

        Book Recommended

      2. Referendums and the European Union: a comparative inquiry - Fernando Mendez, Mario Mendez, Vasiliki Triga 2016

        Book Recommended

      3. What Determines Demand for European Union Referendums? - Richard Rose, Gabriela Borz 07/2013

        Article Recommended

      4. Representing Europeans: a pragmatic approach - Richard Rose 2015

        Book Recommended Chapter 5: Referendums – Too Much Participation?

      5. Direct democracy: a comparative study of the theory and practice of government by the people - Mads Qvortrup, UPSO eCollections (University Press Scholarship Online) 2013

        Book Recommended

  8. 16. Party Systems 14 items
    1. Tutorial Questions:

       

        • How did party systems develop in modern Europe?
        • What are the major historical political cleavages that structure party competition?
        • Are East European party systems different?
        • Are there any new cleavages emerging in contemporary European party systems?

       

    2. Required 3 items
      1. Comparative politics - Daniele Caramani 2017

        Book Core Caramani, D. (2017) ‘Party systems’, pp. 224-44

      2. Representative government in modern Europe - Michael Gallagher, Michael Laver, Peter Mair c2011

        Book Core pp. 195-237

    3. Supplementary 10 items
      1. The two-party system and the multiparty system - M. Duverger

        Chapter Recommended

      2. Development and crisis of the welfare state: parties and policies in global markets - Evelyne Huber, John D. Stephens, ProQuest (Firm) 2001 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended

      3. The Oxford handbook of gender and politics - Georgina Waylen c2013

        Book Recommended Chapter 21 on Party Politics

      4. Cleavage structures, party systems and voter alignments - M. S. Lipset, S. Rokkan

        Chapter Recommended OR Lipset, S. M. and Rokkan, S. (1990) ‘Cleavage structures, party systems and voter alignments’, in Mair, P. (ed.) The West European Party System (Oxford: OUP)

      5. Parties and party systems: a framework for analysis : with a new preface by the author and an introduction by Peter Mair - Giovanni Sartori, Peter Mair, European Consortium for Political Research 2005

        Book Recommended pp. 105-113 and 116-178

      6. POLITICAL PARTIES AND DEMOCRACY - S. C. Stokes 06/1999

        Article Recommended

  9. 17. Political Parties 15 items
    1. Tutorial Questions:

       

        • What are the main party families? Is the concept of party family useful today?
        • Do parties need members?
        • Has the EU had an impact on political parties?

       

    2. Required 3 items
      1. Introduction to politics - Robert Garner, Peter Ferdinand, Stephanie Lawson 2016

        Book Core Ferdinand, P. (2016). ‘Political Parties’

      2. Changing Models of Party Organization and Party Democracy - Richard S. Katz, Peter Mair 01/1995

        Article Core

    3. Supplementary 11 items
      1. Public images of political parties: A necessary evil? - Russell J. Dalton, Steven A. Weldon 11/2005

        Article Recommended

      2. Representative government in modern Europe - Michael Gallagher, Michael Laver, Peter Mair c2011

        Book Recommended pp.265-326

      3. Comparative politics - Daniele Caramani 2017

        Book Recommended Chapter by R Katz on ‘Political Parties’,

      4. The Europeanisation of national party organisations: A conceptual analysis - Thomas Pongutke, Nicholas Aylott, Robert Ladrech, Kurt Richard Luther 10/2007

        Article Recommended

  10. 18. Interest groups 18 items
    1. Tutorial Questions:

      • How do pressure groups participate in politics?
      • Are some groups more influential than others, and if so, why?
      • Is lobbying non-democratic?

    2. Required 3 items
      1. Introduction to politics - Robert Garner, Peter Ferdinand, Stephanie Lawson 2016

        Book Core Ferdinand, P. (2016). ‘Civil society, interest groups and the media

    3. Supplementary 14 items
      1. European politics: a comparative introduction - Tim Bale 2017

        Book Recommended Chapter on Participation and Pressure Politics

      2. Comparative politics - Daniele Caramani 2017

        Book Recommended Chapter by Erne, R., pp. 245-60.

      3. Comparative politics - Daniele Caramani 2017

        Book Recommended Erne, R. pp. 259-274

      4. Representative government in modern Europe - Michael Gallagher, Michael Laver, Peter Mair c2011

        Book Recommended pp 458-476

      5. Interest representation in the European Union - Justin Greenwood 2017

        Book Recommended

      6. Comparative government and politics: an introduction - Rod Hague, Martin Harrop, John McCormick 2016

        Book Recommended Chapter on Interest Groups

      7. Corporatism is Dead! Long Live Corporatism! - Philippe C. Schmitter 01/1989

        Article Recommended

  11. 19. Youth and Politics 26 items
    1. Tutorial Questions:

        • Is it true that young people don't care about politics?

        • How do young people engage politically?

        • Why do young people vote less than the older generations?

    2. Required 3 items
    3. Supplementary 22 items
      1. YOUNG PEOPLE, THE INTERNET AND POLITICAL PARTICIPATION - Davide Calenda, Albert Meijer 09/2009

        Article Recommended

      2. Tuning out or left out? Participation and non-participation among young people - Therese O'Toole, Michael Lister, Dave Marsh, Su Jones 03/2003

        Article Recommended

      3. Young people and politics in the UK: apathy or alienation? - David Marsh, Therese O'Toole, Su Jones, ProQuest (Firm) 2007 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended

      4. Tremors But No Youthquake: Measuring Changes in the Age and Turnout Gradients at the 2015 and 2017 British General Elections - Christopher mname Prosser, Edward A. mname Fieldhouse, Jane mname Green, Jonathan mname Mellon 2018

        Article Additional

      5. Teenage citizens: the political theories of the young - Constance A. Flanagan 2013 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended

      6. Voting at 16: Turnout and the quality of vote choice - Markus Wagner, David Johann, Sylvia Kritzinger 06/2012

        Article Recommended

  12. 20. The representation of women and minorities in Western Europe 26 items
    1. Tutorial Questions:

        • How representative are European governments and parliaments of their populations?

        • Why is there a more equal gender balance in the political institutions of the Nordic countries than elsewhere in Europe? 

        • Should there be quota for women and ethnic/religious minorities

       

      For data on women representation in national parliaments, see the official site of the inter-parliamentary union: http://www.ipu.org/wmn-e/classif.htm and the Centre for Women and Democracy: http://www.cfwd.org.uk/uploads/Quotas%20Nov%202012.pdf

    2. Required 3 items
    3. Supplementary 22 items
      1. European politics: a comparative introduction - Tim Bale 2017

        Book Recommended Chapter '‘Not Wanted but Needed – Migrants and Minorities’

      2. Quotas as a ‘fast track’ to equal representation for women - Drude Dahlerup *, Lenita Freidenvall * 03/2005

        Article Recommended

      3. Representing women?: female legislators in West European parliaments - Mercedes Mateo Diaz, European Consortium for Political Research 2005

        Book Recommended

      4. The strain of representation: how parties represent diverse voters in western and eastern Europe - Robert Rohrschneider, Stephen Whitefield 2012 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended

      5. The concept of representation - Hanna Fenichel Pitkin 1972

        Book Recommended

      6. An Integrated Model of Women's Representation - Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer, William Mishler 05/2005

        Article Recommended

      7. Gender and party politics - Joni Lovenduski, Pippa Norris 1993

        Book Recommended

      8. Do Women Need Women Representatives? - Rosie Campbell, Sarah Childs, Joni Lovenduski 2010-1

        Article Recommended

      9. The political representation of immigrants and minorities: voters, parties and parliaments in liberal democracies - Karen Bird, Thomas Saalfeld, Andreas M. Wüst, European Consortium for Political Research 2011

        Book Recommended

      10. When and Why Minority Legislators Matter - John D. Griffin 11/05/2014

        Article Additional

      11. Female Candidates and Legislators - Jennifer L. Lawless 11/05/2015

        Article Recommended

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